rpc00053: Prunus × yedoensis Co460 callus culture


  1. Components
  • Two 9-cm Petri dishes, containing cells placed on semi-solid medium
  1. Notice
  • Subculture the cells to fresh medium immediately after arrival.
  • Do not store the cell culture in a refrigerator and a freezer.
  • Maintain aseptic conditions of the cell culture, and work in a laminar flow cabinet.
  1. Summary
  • Culture medium: MS medium, 0.25% (w/v) gellan gum, pH 5.7 (medium no. 44)
  • Culture conditions: 24–25°C, continuous light
  • Subculture: 28-day intervals
  1. Citation of cell line

    When results obtained by using this cell line are published in a scientific journal, it should be cited in the following manner: “Prunus × yedoensis Co460 cell line (rpc00053) was provided by the RIKEN BRC which is participating in the National BioResource Project of the MEXT/AMED, Japan.”


Co460 cell line was established from a filament of Prunus × yedoensis Matsum. cultivar Someiyoshino (Asano 2011 [1], Asano and Otobe 2011 [2]). Co460 callus cells are red and accumulate high amount of anthocyanins. The Co460 cells are grown on a phytohormone-free Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium solidified with 0.25% (w/v) gellan gum, pH 5.7. Our Co460 cell culture has been maintained under the continuous light at 24–25°C and subcultured at 28-day intervals.


Chemicals and stock solutions

(All stock solutions are stored at 4°C)
  • MS salt mix

    Murashige and Skoog Plant Salt Mixture, Wako Pure Chemical Industries (#392-00591)

  • Sucrose

  • MS_VT

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    Nicotinic acid 0.5
    Pyridoxine·HCl 0.5
    Thiamine·HCl 0.1
    Glycine 2
  • MS_inositol

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    myo-Inositol 40
  • Gellan gum

  • KOH (1 N)

Glassware and equipment

  • Erlenmeyer flask (200 mL), capped with two layers of aluminum foil
  • Forceps, sterilized before use

Preparation of MS medium (medium no. 44)

  1. Dissolve the following chemicals in approximately 800 mL of distilled water.

    Chemical Amount
    MS salt mix 1 bag (1 L)
    Sucrose 30 g
  2. Add following stock solutions, and fill up to approximately 950 mL with distilled water.

    Stock solution Volume (mL)
    MS_VT 1
    MS_inositol 2.5
  3. Adjust the pH of the solution to 5.7 with KOH (1 N), and fill up to 1 L with distilled water.

  4. Pour 60 mL of the medium into a 200-mL flask containing 0.15 g of gellan gum.

  5. Autoclave the flask at 121°C for 20 min.


  1. Pick up an appropriate amount of callus cells from a 28-day-old culture with a forceps and place the cells onto fresh MS medium.
  2. Incubate cell cultures under the continuous light condition (photosynthetic photon flux density 55–60 µmol m-2 s -1) at 24–25°C.


  • We send Co460 cells on semi-solid MS medium in a 9-cm plastic Petri dish. The cells should be subcultured to fresh MS medium immediately after arrival.
  • In order to maintain Co460 callus culture stably, it is essential to observe the growth of cells carefully. Because proliferation of Co460 cells is affected by culture conditions, such as a room temperature, aeration conditions of the culture and so on, an amount of cells transferred to fresh medium and the subculture intervals may vary from one lab to another. We usually inoculate three to five pieces of Co460 callus (about 5–7-mm in diameter) on 60 mL of MS medium in a 200-mL flask, and culture them for 28 days.

Maintenance history


[1]Asano S (2011) Research into pigment production using cultured plant cells grown without phytohormones. PhD thesis, University of Tsukuba, Japan (in Japanese). http://hdl.handle.net/2241/114680
[2]Asano S, Otobe K (2011) Production of phytochemicals by using habituated and long-term cultured cells. Plant Biotechnology 28: 51–62. DOI: 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.10.1109a