rpc00002: Daucus carota kurodagosun cell suspension culture


  1. Components
  • Domestic delivery: Two 50-mL tubes, containing 25 mL of cell suspension
  • Overseas delivery: Two 250-mL flasks, containing cells placed on semi-solid medium
  1. Notice
  • Subculture the cells to fresh medium immediately after arrival.
  • Do not store the cell culture in a refrigerator and a freezer.
  • Maintain aseptic conditions of the cell culture, and work in a laminar flow cabinet.
  1. Summary
  • Culture medium: modified Lin and Staba medium, 0.5 µM 2,4-D, pH 5.7 (medium no. 2)
  • Culture conditions: 27°C, dark, 130 rpm
  • Subculture: 7-day intervals
  1. Citation of cell line

    When results obtained by using this cell line are published in a scientific journal, it should be cited in the following manner: “Daucus carota kurodagosun cell line (rpc00002) was provided by the RIKEN BRC which is participating in the National BioResource Project of the MEXT/AMED, Japan.”


Carrot kurodagosun is an embryogenic cell culture induced from a hypocotyl of Daucus carota L. cultivar Kurodagosun according to the method described by Fujimura and Komamine (1979) [1]. The cell clusters proliferate as undifferentiated cells in the presence of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), but develop into somatic embryos by transferring them to phytohormone-free medium. Because the embryogenic competence decreases during repeated subculturing, we have been establishing the kurodagosun cell culture at about 6-month intervals. The kurodagosun cells are grown in a modified Lin and Staba medium supplemented with 0.5 µM 2,4-D, pH 5.7. Our kurodagosun cell culture has been maintained in the dark at 27°C with rotary shaking at 130 rpm and subcultured at 7-day intervals.


Chemicals and stock solutions

(All stock solutions are stored at 4°C)
  • KNO3

  • NH4Cl

  • CaCl2·2H2O

  • MgSO4·7H2O

  • Sucrose

  • Lin_and_Staba_1

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    H3BO3 2.4
    MnSO4·5H2O 10.18
    ZnSO4·7H2O 4.05
  • Lin_and_Staba_2

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    FeSO4·7H2O 5.56
    Na2-EDTA 7.46

    Heat at 80°C for 3–4 hours for chelating Fe

  • Lin_and_Staba_3

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    KI 0.375
    Na2MoO4·2H2O 0.127
    CuSO4·5H2O 0.01
    CoCl2·6H2O 0.01
  • Lin_and_Staba_4

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    Nicotinic acid 5
    Pyridoxine·HCl 0.5
    Thiamine·HCl 3
  • Lin_and_Staba_5

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    KH2PO4 68
  • 2,4-D (1 mM)

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    2,4-D sodium monohydrate 0.261

    (2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid sodium salt monohydrate, Sigma-Aldrich (D6679)

  • KOH (1 N)


  • Erlenmeyer flask (300 mL), capped with two layers of aluminum foil
  • Pipette (10 mL; large tip opening) and a bulb, sterilized by autoclaving at 121°C for 20 min

Preparation of modified Lin and Staba medium (medium no. 2)

  1. Dissolve the following chemicals in approximately 800 mL of distilled water.

    Chemical Amount (g)
    KNO3 5.56
    NH4Cl 0.268
    CaCl2·2H2O 0.22
    MgSO4·7H2O 0.185
    Sucrose 20
  2. Add following stock solutions, and fill up to approximately 950 mL with distilled water.

    Stock solution Volume (mL)
    Lin_and_Staba_1 1
    Lin_and_Staba_2 5
    Lin_and_Staba_3 1
    Lin_and_Staba_4 1
    Lin_and_Staba_5 1
    2,4-D (1 mM) 0.5
  3. Adjust the pH of the solution to 5.7 with KOH (1 N), and fill up to 1 L with distilled water.

  4. Pour 80 mL of the medium into a 300-mL flask.

  5. Autoclave the flask at 121°C for 20 min.


  1. Agitate a 7-day-old culture well and transfer 10 mL of cell suspension to 80 mL of fresh modified Lin and Staba medium with a pipette.
  2. Incubate cell cultures on a rotary shaker at 130 rpm under the dark condition at 27°C.


  • For domestic customers: We send kurodagosun cell suspension in 50-mL disposable tubes. The cells should be transferred to fresh modified Lin and Staba medium immediately after arrival. Transfer settled cells to Erlenmeyer flasks containing fresh liquid medium with a pipette.
  • For overseas customers: We send kurodagosun cells placed on semi-solid modified Lin and Staba medium in 250-mL disposable flasks. The cells should be transferred to fresh modified Lin and Staba medium immediately after arrival. Collect the cells from the semi-solid medium with a spatula and transfer them to Erlenmeyer flasks containing fresh liquid medium.
  • In order to maintain kurodagosun cell suspension cultures stably, it is essential to transfer an adequate amount of cells to fresh modified Lin and Staba medium in every subculture. The amount of cells may vary from one lab to another, because proliferation of kurodagosun cells is affected by culture conditions, such as a room temperature, rotation speed of a rotary shaker, and aeration condition of the culture.
  • In order to obtain good aeration of a suspension culture, a silicone cap may be used instead of the aluminum foil cap.

Maintenance history


[1]Fujimura T, Komamine A (1979) Synchronization of somatic embryogenesis in a carrot cell suspension culture. Plant Physiology 64: 162–164. DOI: 10.1104/pp.64.1.162