rpc00045: Solanum lycopersicum GCR26 cell suspension culture


  1. Components
  • Domestic delivery: Two 50-mL tubes, containing 25 mL of cell suspension
  • Overseas delivery: Two 250-mL flasks, containing cells placed on semi-solid medium
  1. Notice
  • Subculture the cells to fresh medium immediately after arrival.
  • Do not store the cell culture in a refrigerator and a freezer.
  • Maintain aseptic conditions of the cell culture, and work in a laminar flow cabinet.
  1. Summary
  • Culture medium: MS medium, 0.2 mg/L 2,4-D, 2 mg/L NAA, 0.2 mg/L zeatin, pH 5.8 (medium no. 39)
  • Culture conditions: 27°C, dark, 120 rpm
  • Subculture: 7-day intervals
  1. Citation of cell line

    When results obtained by using this cell line are published in a scientific journal, it should be cited in the following manner: “Solanum lycopersicum GCR26 cell line (rpc00045) was provided by the RIKEN BRC which is participating in the National BioResource Project of the MEXT/AMED, Japan.”


Tomato GCR26 cell line was established from Solanum lycopersicum L. cultivar Craigella accession GCR26 (Ishibashi et al. 2007 [1]). The accession GCR26 is nearly isogenic to tomato accession GCR237, but the GCR26 is susceptible to tomato mosaic virus infection (Motoyoshi and Oshima 1977 [2]). The GCR26 cells are grown in a Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 0.2 mg/L 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), 2 mg/L 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 0.2 mg/L zeatin, pH 5.8. Our GCR26 cell culture has been maintained in the dark at 27°C with rotary shaking at 120 rpm and subcultured at 7-day intervals.


Chemicals and stock solutions

(All stock solutions are stored at 4°C)
  • MS salt mix

    Murashige and Skoog Plant Salt Mixture, Wako Pure Chemical Industries (#392-00591)

  • Sucrose

  • MS_VT

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    Nicotinic acid 0.5
    Pyridoxine·HCl 0.5
    Thiamine·HCl 0.1
    Glycine 2
  • MS_inositol

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    myo-Inositol 40
  • 2,4-D (0.2 mg/mL)

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    2,4-D sodium monohydrate 0.236

    (2,4-Dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid sodium salt monohydrate, Sigma-Aldrich (D6679)

  • NAA (1 mg/mL)

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    NAA·K 1.2

    Potassium 1-naphthylacetate, Wako Pure Chemical Industries (# 161-04021)

  • Zeatin (1 mg/mL)

    Chemical Concentration (mg/mL)
    trans-Zeatin 1

    Dissolve trans-zeatin in small volume of KOH (1 N), and fill up with distilled water

  • KOH (1 N)


  • Erlenmeyer flask (300 mL), capped with two layers of aluminum foil
  • Pipette (10 mL; large tip opening) and a bulb, sterilized by autoclaving at 121°C for 20 min

Preparation of MS medium (medium no. 39)

  1. Dissolve the following chemicals in approximately 800 mL of distilled water.

    Chemical Amount
    MS salt mix 1 bag (1 L)
    Sucrose 30 g
  2. Add following stock solutions, and fill up to approximately 950 mL with distilled water.

    Stock solution Volume (mL)
    MS_VT 1
    MS_inositol 2.5
    2,4-D (0.2 mg/mL) 1
    NAA (1 mg/mL) 2
    Zeatin (1 mg/mL) 0.2
  3. Adjust the pH of the solution to 5.8 with KOH (1 N), and fill up to 1 L with distilled water.

  4. Pour 75 mL of the medium into a 300-mL flask.

  5. Autoclave the flask at 121°C for 20 min.


  1. Agitate a 7-day-old culture well and transfer 2.6–5 mL of cell suspension to 75 mL of fresh MS medium with a pipette.
  2. Incubate cell cultures on a rotary shaker at 120 rpm under the dark condition at 27°C.


  • For domestic customers: We send GCR26 cell suspension in 50-mL disposable tubes. The cells should be transferred to fresh MS medium immediately after arrival. Transfer settled cells to Erlenmeyer flasks containing fresh liquid medium with a pipette.
  • For overseas customers: We send GCR26 cells placed on semi-solid MS medium in 250-mL disposable flasks. The cells should be transferred to fresh MS medium immediately after arrival. Collect the cells from the semi-solid medium with a spatula and transfer them to Erlenmeyer flasks containing fresh liquid medium.
  • In order to maintain GCR26 cell suspension cultures stably, it is essential to transfer an adequate amount of cells to fresh MS medium in every subculture. The amount of cells may vary from one lab to another, because proliferation of GCR26 cells is affected by culture conditions, such as a room temperature, rotation speed of a rotary shaker, and aeration condition of the culture.
  • In order to obtain good aeration of a suspension culture, a silicone cap may be used instead of the aluminum foil cap.

Maintenance history


[1]Ishibashi K, Masuda K, Naito S, Meshi T, Ishikawa M (2007) An inhibitor of viral RNA replication is encoded by a plant resistance gene. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences of USA 104: 13833–13838. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0703203104
[2]Motoyoshi F, Oshima N (1977) Expression of genetically controlled resistance to tobacco mosaic virus infection in isolated tomato leaf mesophyll protoplasts. Journal of General Virology 34: 499–506. DOI: 10.1099/0022-1317-34-3-499